IMPLICATIONS OF CHILD LABOUR ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN TAMBAWAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF SOKOTO STATE
Muhammad, Malami Tambawal; Prof. M. U. Tambawal; Abdulkadir, Abdulkarim Olatunji (PhD) & Musa, Bello
This study examined the implications of child labour on academic achievement of primary school pupils in Tambawal Local Government Area of Sokoto State. Two research objectives as well as two research questions guided this study. The study adopted a descriptive survey method. The target population for this study was Public Primary school pupils in Tambawal Local Government Area. This area has 122 public primary schools, with total population of 43,807 out of which ten public primary schools was randomly used for this study with a total population of 9,003. The sample of (150) Parents and (150) Teachers was drawn from the ten selected public schools with the aid of Research Advisor (2006) table for determining sample size. Random sampling technique was used in selecting both parents and teachers. Researchers designed questionnaire was used to collect data and the instrument was adjudged to possess content and construct validity by experts in the Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education and Extension Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto and Sokoto State University, Sokoto respectively. To obtain the reliability of the instrument, the instrument was administered to 20 Teachers and 20 Parents at interval of 4 weeks. The two set of scores were then subjected to Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient statistics and a reliability indices ‘r’ of .80 and .86 were obtained for Teachers and Parents respectively. The study recommended that government should take harsh measures against child trafficking which will in turn reduce child labour and improve children academic performance and that Child Rights laws should be enforced especially in the rural areas where child labour is predominant.